Development of the PRO-SDLS: A Measure of Self-Direction in Learning Based on the Personal Responsibility Orientation Model
Secondary and Middle Grades Education
The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid instrument to measure self-directedness in learning among college students based on an operationalization of the personal responsibility orientation (PRO) model of self-direction in learning. The resultant 25-item Personal Responsibility Orientation to Self-Direction in Learning Scale (PRO-SDLS) was found to be a highly reliable instrument in the selected sample of graduate and undergraduate education students. Confirmatory factor analysis established that a four latent variable model fit the data. Scores from the PRO-SDLS were significantly related to criterion variables thought to demonstrate self-direction and to a known instrument of self-direction while accounting for additional variance. Recommendations for further research in the ongoing process of scale validation and implications for practice are provided.
Adult Education Quarterly
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Stockdale, S. L., & Brockett, R. G. (2010). Development of the PRO-SDLS: A mesaure of self-direction in learning based on the personal responsibility orientation model. Adult Education Quarterly, 20(10), 1-20. doi:10.1177/0741713610380447