Title

Evaluating the Invariance of the Multigorup Ethnic Identity Measure Across Foreign-Born, Second-Generation and Later-Generation College Students in the United States

Department

Psychology

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-1-2016

Abstract

Objectives: Past research has established that the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) exhibits measurement invariance across diverse ethnic groups. However, relatively little research has evaluated whether this measure is invariant across generational status. Thus, the present study evaluates the invariance of the MEIM across foreign-born, second-generation, and later-generation respondents. Method: A large, ethnically diverse sample of college students completed the MEIM as part of an online survey (N = 9,107; 72.8% women; mean age = 20.31 years; SD = 3.38). Results: There is evidence of configural and metric invariance, but there is little evidence of scalar invariance across generational status groups. Conclusions: This study suggests that the MEIM has an equivalent factor structure across generation groups, indicating it is appropriate to compare the magnitude of associations between the MEIM and other variables across foreign-born, second-generation, and later-generation individuals. However, the lack of scalar invariance suggests that mean-level differences across generational status should be interpreted with caution.

Journal

Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology

Journal ISSN

1099-9809

Volume

22

Issue

3

First Page

460

Last Page

465

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1037/cdp0000068