Title

Fear, Greed, or Garage Sale? The Analysis of Military Expenditure in East Asia

Department

Social Work & Human Services

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1997

Abstract

This paper examines the determinants of military expenditures in eight East Asian countries from 1983 to 1993. In a pooled cross-sectional time-series analysis, it finds that the security threats (either external or internal) have not been a factor in determining the governments' defense burdens. Instead, economic and bureaucratic budgetary factors are better predictors of their defense decision-making. Military corruption and subsidized defense industries are the main domestic elements driving up the budgets; but this bureaucratic 'irrationality' is checked and balanced by economic rationality, for the defense burdens generally correlate with the availability of economic resources.

Journal

The Pacific Review

Journal ISSN

0951-2748

Volume

10

Issue

2

First Page

274

Last Page

288

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1080/09512749708719221