Acid–Base Titration: Analysis of Phosphoric Acid Anodizing Solutions. A Problem-Based Learning Approach


Chemistry & Biochemistry

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Phosphoric acid anodizing solutions are routinely titrated to monitor their concentrations; however, after successive anodizations of aluminum metal, increasing amounts of dissolved aluminum interfere with the neutralization titration. The true concentration of phosphoric acid is determined by a correction factor based on the concentration of the dissolved aluminum, which is determined industrially by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The academic determination of a correction factor for aluminum as well as copper can be designed as a traditional or a problem-based learning exercise.