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Transnational Civil Society and the World Bank: Investigating Civil Society's Potential to Democratize Global Governance
Christopher L. Pallas
Academics and practitioners alike recognize that global governance institutions suffer from a democratic deficit. Many have looked to transnational civil society as a means of remediation. Yet a clear gap has begun to emerge between normative hopes and empirical reality. Using new data from civil society engagements with the World Bank, this book shows how transnational civil society organizations prioritize pre-existing mission over responsiveness to claimed stakeholders, undertake activism in line with financial incentives, achieve impacts using elite channels of influence, and undercut the authority of developing country governments. It explores the structural roots of these patterns and examines their impact on democratic representation. It also offers practical advice for how these negative patterns can be moderated through new practices at the Bank and new norms within civil society.
Karen Guttieri and Volker C. Franke
This volume provides materials for active learning about peacebuilding and conflict management in the context of complex stability operations.
Today, America faces security challenges unlike any it has faced before, many of which requiring lengthy U.S. involvement in stability operations. These challenges are exceedingly dynamic and complex because of the ever changing mix and number of actors involved, the pace with which the strategic and operational environments change, and the constraints placed on response options.
This volume presents a series of case studies to inspire active learning about peacebuilding and conflict management in the context of complex stability operations. The case studies highlight dilemmas pertaining to the story of the case (case dilemma) and to its larger policy implications (policy dilemma). The cases stimulate readers to "get inside the heads" of case protagonists with widely differing cultural backgrounds, professional experiences, and individual and organisational interests. Overall, Understanding Complex Military Operationschallenges the reader to recognize the importance of specific national security related issues and their inherent dilemmas, deduce policy implications, and discern lessons that might apply to other – perhaps even non-security related – areas of public policy, administration, and management.
This volume will be of much interest to students of conflict prevention, transitional justice, peacebuilding, security studies and professionals conducting field-based operations in potentially hazardous environments.
Joanna Simpson and Megan Adams
Understanding Gifted Adolescents: Accepting the Exceptional addresses the basis of exclusive education for gifted adolescents from the theoretical perspective of social identity. Using the lens of social identity theory and adolescent development related to giftedness, this book builds the case for a curriculum for gifted adolescents. By providing a comprehensive foundation for exploring the concept of a more exclusive education scholastically, and debunking the “elitist” concept of gifted education, this book is a well-organized and clearly-structured exposition for the philosophy of gifted education, as well as a means of putting a curricular model into practice in American high schools. With pointed critiques of differentiated instruction in the general education classroom and the current trend of standardization and normalization in the current educational climate, a new philosophy for addressing gifted education is presented.
Maia Hallward and Julie M. Norman
The use of nonviolent action is on the rise. From the Occupy Movement to the Arab Spring and mass protests on the streets of Brazil, activists across the world are increasingly using unarmed tactics to challenge oppressive, corrupt and unjust systems. But what exactly do we mean by nonviolence? How is it deployed and to what effect? Do nonviolent campaigns with political motivations differ from those driven by primarily economic concerns? What are the limits and opportunities for activists engaging in nonviolent action today? Is the growing number of nonviolence protests indicative of a new type of twenty-first century struggle or is it simply a passing trend?
Understanding Nonviolence: Contours and Contexts is the first book to offer a comprehensive introduction to nonviolence in theory and practice. Combining insightful analysis of key theoretical debates with fresh perspectives on contemporary and historical case studies, it explores the varied approaches, aims, and trajectories of nonviolent campaigns from Gandhi to the present day. With cutting-edge contributions from leading scholars and practitioners in the field, this accessible and lively book will be essential reading for activists, students and teachers of contentious politics, international security, and peace and conflict studies.
"Voices from the Margins: Fresh Perspectives on an Introduction to Sociology brings together underrepresented voices and perspectives to address an array of topics through the experiences of those with multiple, intersecting marginalized identities. The issues presented speak to what is relevant today through the voices of women, people of color, sexual minorities, and people with disabilities.
The reader is organized into five sections. The first deals with the who, what, and how of sociology. The second addresses self, culture, socialization, and deviance. Readings in the third consider class, race, gender, and sexuality. In the fourth the material covers a range of social institutions, and the final section explores the concept of environmental sociology. The growing sub-discipline of digital sociology is threaded throughout the text.
Voices from the Margins reflects the increasing diversity of today's college students and the general population, and centers knowledge around those who have traditionally been disenfranchised. It is well suited to foundational courses in the discipline and is also an excellent supplemental reader for general courses in social science.
Chandra Ward earned her master's degree in sociology at Texas State University, San Marcos and is currently a doctoral candidate at Georgia State University. She is a lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice at Kennesaw State University in Kennesaw, Georgia. Professor Ward's research interests include communities, urban sociology, visual sociology, and intersections of race, class, gender, and sexuality. Her work has been published in the journals Contexts, Cities, and Sociology Compass, and she is an assistant editor and contributor to the visual sociology blog Social Shutter."
J. Steve Miller and Cherie K. Miller
The information explosion has made us information rich, but wisdom poor. Yet, to succeed in business and in life, we must distinguish accurate from bogus sources, and draw valid conclusions from mounds of data. This book, written for a general adult audience as well as students, takes a new look at critical thinking in the information age, helping readers to not only see through nonsense, but to create a better future with innovative thinking.
Readers should see the practicality of enhancing skills that make them more innovative and employable, especially in a day when companies increasingly seek original thinkers, global visionaries, and thought leaders. Targeting high school seniors and college freshmen, but useful to all adult readers, the authors examine surprising and costly mental errors made by respected business leaders, entertainment moguls, musicians, civic leaders, generals and academics. Then, the authors draw practical applications to help readers avoid such mistakes and think more creatively in each field.
Although written in an engaging and popular style, over 600 end notes provide authority to this content-rich document. Thus writers, researchers, teachers, and job seekers should find it a useful starting point for research into this important field. Home school teachers and public school educators will find an accompanying free website with lesson plans and teaching tips. It's also a low-cost alternative to expensive texts. (The hard copy is priced reasonably and a pdf of the entire book will be offered free to students on their digital platforms.) Each chapter ends with thought questions and tips for further research.
He Selena, Shouling Ji, Yi Pan, and Yingshu Li
Although wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have been employed across a wide range of applications, there are very few books that emphasize the algorithm description, performance analysis, and applications of network management techniques in WSNs. Filling this need, Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks: Management, Performance, and Applications summarizes not only traditional and classical network management techniques, but also state-of-the-art techniques in this area.
The articles presented are expository, but scholarly in nature, including the appropriate history background, a review of current thinking on the topic, and a discussion of unsolved problems. The book is organized into three sections. Section I introduces the basic concepts of WSNs and their applications, followed by the summarization of the network management techniques used in WSNs.
Section II begins by examining virtual backbone-based network management techniques. It points out some of the drawbacks in classical and existing methods and proposes several new network management techniques for WSNs that can address the shortcomings of existing methods. Each chapter in this section examines a new network management technique and includes an introduction, literature review, network model, algorithm description, theoretical analysis, and conclusion.
Section III applies proposed new techniques to some important applications in WSNs including routing, data collection, data aggregation, and query processing. It also conducts simulations to verify the performance of the proposed techniques. Each chapter in this section examines a particular application using the following structure: brief application overview, application design and implementation, performance analysis, simulation settings, and comments for different test cases/scenario configurations.
Harry Hudson, Randall Patton, and Gavin Wright
“When I went to work for Lockheed-Georgia Company in September of 1952 I had no idea that this would end up being my life’s work.” With these words, Harry Hudson, the first African American supervisor at Lockheed Aircraft’s Georgia facility, begins his account of a thirty-six-year career that spanned the postwar civil rights movement and the Cold War.
Hudson was not a civil rights activist, yet he knew he was helping to break down racial barriers that had long confined African Americans to lower-skilled, nonsupervisory jobs. His previously unpublished memoir is an inside account of both the racial integration of corporate America and the struggles common to anyone climbing the postwar corporate ladder. At Lockheed-Georgia, Hudson went on to become the first black supervisor to manage an integrated crew and then the first black purchasing agent. There were other “firsts” along the path to these achievements, and Working for Equality is rich in details of Hudson’s work on the assembly line and in the back office. In both circumstances, he contended with being not only a black man but a light-skinned black man as he dealt with production goals, personnel disputes, and other workday challenges.
Randall Patton’s introduction places Hudson’s story within the broader struggle of workplace desegregation in America. Although Hudson is frank about his experiences in a predominantly white workforce, Patton notes that he remained “an organization man” who “expressed pride in his contributions to Lockheed [and] the nation’s defense effort.”
Martha F. Bowden
This volume examines the religious culture in which Sterne wrote his novels and sermons. Using passages from Sterne's work as starting points, the book demonstrates that the experience of life in country parishes forms an important context for the novels. The book draws on modern church history and eighteenth-century sources to show that the eighteenth-century Church of England constituted a strong social influence and was far from being the moribund and somnolent entity many literary studies have assumed. Beginning by addressing Sterne's ecclesiastical family background, it presents a general discussion of parish organizations and liturgical practices, preaching, religious controversy, women's roles in the Church, charitable activities, and anti-Catholicism. It also makes specific reference to Sterne's work, including an examination of the reception of Sterne's first volumes of sermons. The book concludes with a discussion of Tristram Shandy illuminated by this historical and cultural material.